Class 12 English Model Paper 1 – UP Board English Solution
Time : 3 hrs 15 min
Maximum Marks: 100
First 15 Minutes are allotted to the candidates for reading the question paper.
- This paper is divided in Section-A and Section-B. Both the sections are compulsory.
- Question No. 11 has three parts: I, II, and III. Attempt only one part of Question No. 11.
- All other questions are compulsory
Explain, with reference to the context, any one of the following passages. (8)
(a) As soon as I alighted, a group of young children gathered around me. They were selling baskets— hand-woven, reed baskets with simple designs and patterns. They held the baskets high, shouting words, I did not know but conveying unmistakably their desire. These were refugee children.
(b) The extravagant and barbarous hecatombs of the vedic age have long since been forgotten, though animal sacrifice continues in some sects. Widows have long ceased to be burnt on their husband’s pyres. Girls may not by law be married in childhood. In buses and trains all over India Brahmans rub shoulders with the lowest castes without consciousness of grave pollution and the temples are open to all by law. Caste is vanishing.
(c) No one could say I am a beauty. I weigh 340 grams, am red-brown in colour and have an unimpressive shape. I am John’s dedicated slave-his heart. I hang by ligaments in the centre of his chest.
Explain with reference to the context, any one of the following extracts. (8)
(a) When I consider how my light is spent
Ere half my days, in this dark world and wide,
And that one talent, which is death to hide,
Loged with me useless, though my soul more bent
To serve therewith my Maker, and present
My true account, least He, returning chide.
(b) Out of the.day and night A joy has taken flight:
Fresh spring, and summer, and winter hoar,
Move my faint heart with grief, but with delight No more—Oh, never more!
(c) Whose woods these are I think I know,
His house is in the village though;
He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow.
Answer any one of the following questions in not more than 30 words each. (4)
(a) What are the two false notions about the heart?
(b) What did the author do while travelling alone in the compartment?
(c) What causes the decline of womanhood, according to S Radhakrishnan?
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences, selecting the brackets
(a) Mahatma Gandhi was looked upon by many, both Indian and European as the epitome of ……. tradition. (Muslim, Christian, Hindu, Persian).
(b) Vivekananda repeated it with a more nationalist ……. (duty, timbre, tone, thought)
(c) These two are the things which mould ………. minds and hearts. (women’s, men’s, nation’s, country’s)
(d) The children selling basket were sons and daughters of these ……… (refugees, labourers, peasants, prisoners)
Give the central idea of any one of the following poems(6)
(a) An Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
(b) The Song of the Free
(c) La Belle Dame Sans Merci
Answer any one of the following questions in not more than 75 words. (8)
(a) Describe the character of Antonio as depicted in the play ‘The Merchant of Venice’.
(b Bring out the dramatic significance of the trial scene of ‘The Merchant of Venice’.
Answer any two of the following questions in not more than 30 words. (4+4=8)
(a) What did the child see the juggler doing? Why didn’t he stay there?
(b) What part did Gyan Babu play in the story?
(c) What made the astrologer feel uncomfortable?
(a) Point out the figures of speech in any two of the following: (1 + 1 = 2)
(i) Whose passions not his masters are.
(ii) Exult O shores and ring O bells!
(iii) And beauty born of murmuring sound Shall pass into her face.
(b) Define Personification and give an example of it. (1 + 1 =2)
(a) Change any one of the following sentences into indirect form of speech. (2)
(i) She said to her mother,, “What have you cooked in the dinner today for the family?”
(ii) The old man said, “The Earth moves round the Sun.”
(b) Combine the following sentences as directed within the brackets, (any one) (2)
(i) Premchand wrote “Godan.” He was a great story writer. (Into Simple Sentence)
(ii) He went to Agra. She went to Agra. (Into Simple Sentence)
(c) Transform the following sentences as directed within the brackets, (any two) (2)
(i)She has finished her assignment. (Into Passive Voice)
(ii) The farmer was tired due to work. (Into Negative Sentence)
(d) Correct any two of the following sentences. (1 + 1 = 2)
(i) I, you and he have completed it.
(ii) Maya knows to operate mobile.
(iii) I saw a man which was planting a tree.
(iv) Braje sh had written a letter yesterday.
(a) Give the synonyms of the following words. (1 +1 +1=3)
(b) Give the antonyms of the following words. (1 +1+1=3)
(c) Use the following words in sentences of your own so as to bring out the difference in their meanings clearly. (1 + 1=2)
(d) Substitute one word for the following expressions.
(i) One that lives in water. (1 +1 +1 =3)
(ii) One who is new to a profession.
(iii) One who has infinite power.
(e) Use three of the following idioms/phrases in your own sentences so as to make their meanings clear. (1+1 +1=3)
(i) Through thick and thin
(ii) Kith and kin
(iii) Hand in gloves
(iv) Crying in wilderness
(v) Wet behind the ears
(vi) Do away with
(a). Translate the following into English. (10)
समय परिवर्तनशील है। वह कभी एक-सा नहीं रहता। परिवर्तन अपने साथ कुछ अच्छाईयाँ, तो साथ ही कुछ बुराईयाँ लेकर आता है। शिक्षा, उद्योग, चिकित्सा, संस्कृति आदि में कई परिवर्तन आने सेमनुष्य का जीवन सुख-सुविधाओं से भर उठा। यह सकारात्मक नकारात्मक दोनों रूपों में हुआ। सुख-समृद्धि के कारण समाज में हिंसा, चोरी, बलात्कार जैसी सामाजिक बुराईयाँ चुनौती के रूप में
आई। आज मनुष्यों की जीवन-शैली में बहुत अन्तर आ गया है, जिससे उनके जीवन-मूल्य भी बदल गए हैं। जीवन-मूल्यों में आई गिरावट के कारण मनुष्य का जीवन दिन-पर-दिन अशान्त होता जा रहा है। उसके जीवन में तनाव, अनिद्रा, हृदय से सम्बन्धित रोग और भय घर कर गया है।
Write an essay on any one of the following topics in about 250 words. (12)
(a) All that Glitters is not Gold
(b) Environmental Pollution
(c) Honour Balling
(d) Agriculture in India
(e) Narendra Modi: The Icon of India
Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Punctually, at midday, he opened his bag and spread out his professional equipment, which consisted of a dozen cowrie shells, a square piece of cloth with obscure mystic charts on it, a note book, and a bundle of Palmyra writing.
His forehead was resplendent with sacred ash and vermilion, and his eyes sparkled with a sharp abnormal gleam, which was really an outcome of a continual searching look for customers, but which his simple clients took to be a prophetic light and felt comforted.
The power of his eyes was considerably enhanced by their position as they were between the painted forehead and the dark whiskers, which streamed down his cheeks: even a half-wit’s eyes would sparkle in such a setting. To crown the effect, he wound a saffron-coloured turban around his head. This colour scheme never failed. People were attracted to him as bees are attracted to cosmos or dahlia stalks.
(a) Give a suitable title to the above passage. (1)
(b) From the description of the passage what one can make out about the person? (1)
(c) Give a summary of the above passage in your own words. (2)
(d) Why are the eyes of the person described as sparkled? (1)
(e) Why did the person open his bag? (1)
(a) Reference: These lines have been taken from the lesson ‘A Girl With a Basket’ written by William C Douglas.
Context: The writer was going to Ranikhet, an old British army hill station. At every station, he used to get
down on the platform to talk to people.
Explanation: The train was slow and stopped at every station. The writer used to get down from the train at every station and talk with people who were standing on the platform. On one such station, when he descended
from the train, his routine of talking to the people on the platform was interrupted. He was surrounded by a group of children, who were selling baskets. These were hand-woven, reed baskets with simple designs and patterns. Each of these children, held their baskets high so that the writer might buy from them. Though the writer could not understand their language, he could feel their desire to earn money by selling their baskets. These children were the sons and daughters of the refugees.
(b) Reference: These lines have been taken from the lesson ‘The Heritage of India’ written by AL Basham. Context: The writer says that with the passage of time, the whole face of India has altered. There has been a tremendous change in the Indian society. Many social evils have been eradicated.
Explanation: The writer says that many social evils that were prevalent in the ancient Indian culture have now been discarded and are no longer practised. The extravagant and uncivilised public and animal sacrifices have long been forgotten. Widows are no longer burnt on their husbands’ pyres. Child marriage is abolished by law. The caste system is also gradually disappearing. Brahmans in India can now be seen travelling and mixing with the people of lower castes. They are no longer conscious of the loss of their purity. Untouchability is no longer practised. The temples, by law, are now open to all irrespective of their caste and creed.
(c) Reference: These lines have been taken from the lesson ‘I am John’s Heart’ written by JD Ratcliff.
Context: The author describes the human heart in these lines.
Explanation: The author says that no one can say that a human heart is a beauty. It weighs around 340 grams and is reddish brown in colour. Moreover, the shape of the heart is unimpressive. The heart is a dedicated slave of John and works 24 hours a day. It is located in the centre of the chest and is supported by ligaments.
(a) The two false notions associated with the heart are that it is romantic and it is delicate. But the heart is neither romantic nor delicate.
(b) While travelling alone in a railway compartment, we can talk to ourselves as loud as we please. We can stand on our head, sing, dance, practise golf or play marbles, open or shut the windows and do anything that we like without any objection.
(c) The natural quality of women is compassion. A decline in compassion causes the decline of womanhood.
(a) The child saw the jugger playing the flute to the snake. He did not stay there as his parents had asked him not to listen to the coarse music played by the juggler.
(b) Sanku calculated the amount of money he had and the amount he needed to clear his debts. Hence, he came to the conclusion that without stealing the gold watch, he would be unable to clear his debts.
(c) The astrologer became very nervous after seeing the customer as he recognised that he was his enemy Guru Nayak, whom he had attempted to kill and throw into a well.
(a) (i) Personification
(b) Personification is a literary device by which an inanimate object is made to appear as a living creature.
Example Death lays its icy hands on kings, ‘Death’ has been personified in the above line.
(a) (i) She asked her mother what she had cooked in the dinner that day for the family.
(ii) The old man said that the Earth moves round the Sun.
(b) (i) The great story writer Premchand wrote “Godan”.
(ii) Both, he and she, went to Agra.
(c) (i) Her assignment has been finished by her.
(ii) The farmer was not relaxed due to work.
(d) (i) You, he and I have completed it.
(ii) Maya knows how to operate mobile.
(iii) I saw a man, who was planting a tree.
(iv) Brajesh wrote a letter yesterday.
(a) (i) Peasant
(b) (i) Nadir
(c) (i) The heart pumps the blood.
(ii) I was hurt by her words.
(d) (i) Aquatic
(e) (i) Best friends help you through thick and thin.
(ii) I am planning to go on a holiday with my kith and kin.
(iii) Politicians and bureaucrats work hand in gloves.
(iv) It’s no use crying in wilderness for the lost ball.
(v)The young man, who joined the company is wet behind the ears.
(vi) Mahatma Gandhi did his best to do away with many social evils.
(a) Time is ever changing. It never remains the same. Change brings good as well as evil things with it. With the change in education, industry, medical facilities and culture; the lives of human beings have been filled with happiness and prosperity. It has been in positive and negative ways both. Due to the prosperity, the society witnessed violence, theft, rape as a social challenge. Today, there has been a great shift in the lifestyle of the human beings and thus, there is a change in the values of life. Due to the fall in the moral values of life, the lives of human beings have been disturbed. Stress, insomnia, fear and heart disorders have entered the lives of human beings.
(a) All that Glitters is not Gold
Introduction Appearance is often deceptive. Many things may superficially appear very attractive. When they are examined from close quarters, they prove to be disappointing. One cannot judge the quality of a thing by seeing its exterior portion only. Every shining metal is not gold. Very often, things are not what they seem to be. We often form our opinion about objects on the basis of superficial impression.
Superficiality: A beautifully packaged product launched in the market after massive advertising campaign may attract the consumers. He may buy that product once but if the product is of poor quality, he would not buy it again. A wise discerning person does not accept things at face value. He gets suspicious of a person or thing, which appears too good to be true. His trained eyes can see beyond the superficial appearance of an object.
Judgement of Quality The quality of anything can be judged only if we come to know the reality of a thing. Gold is gold if the inner metal is also gold. Many things are made of inferior metal and to hide their defect, they are given a shine. They look beautiful and attract many persons who love beautiful objects. An object with a glittering shine of gold cannot be gold unless the whole object itself is gold. All that glitters is not gold. All people wearing saffron clothes cannot be saints. A foolish man can never be wise by pretending to be wise.
Conclusion: Education and knowledge can improve awareness among the masses. A layman can be misled. But, if he has knowledge about a particular thing, he cannot be cheated. One should use one’s discretion to judge persons and things. One should not be influenced by external appearance alone.
(b) Environmental Pollution
Introduction: Environment is the surrounding of an organism. This environment in which an organism lives is made up of various elements like air, water, land etc. Any kind of undesirable and unwanted change in the proportions of these elements can be termed as pollution.
Causes of Pollution: The poisonous water and waste products of the factories mingle with the water bodies and poison them. Resultantly, the aquatic life gets affected. Fish die, disturbing the ecological balance. The water, too, is rendered useless which can neither be used for drinking nor for washing. This also results in the reduction of the area of water bodies. Such a situation arises when non-degradable products are dumped on fallow land or on the banks of rivers and seashores.
Harmful Effects: Waste materials such as plastics, polythene, bottles etc cause land pollution and render the soil infertile. Moreover, dumping of dead bodies of men and animals, washing of clothes and utensils add to the problem. Another major problem of pollution is the air, that we breathe in, is being polluted by the smoke pouring out of chimneys and automobiles. No doubt, air pollution takes place even by volcanoes, cyclones, forest fires etc but human activities are more responsible for causing air pollution. Gases like CO2, CO, SO2 are emitted, which mix with air and cause great harm to the human body, flora and fauna.
Prevention: Use of organic manures should be encouraged instead of chemical fertilisers to prevent soil pollution. Planting of trees should be encouraged and cutting down of green trees should be strictly checked. Unleaded petrol should be used in vehicles. The directions of the Supreme Court to manufacture cars as per Euro I and Euro II norms should be strictly enforced. Industries should have proper emission systems and should conform to the laws in order to ensure safety of the people living in residential areas around. Strict laws should be legislated and enforced regarding the keeping of our seashores and river banks clean.
Conclusion: The government should also try to educate people about various kinds of pollution and create public awareness. People should be involved in helping to reduce and control pollution. Moreover, punishments should be strictly given in case of violation of any environmental law so that such people learn a lesson. Until, we all get serious and resolve to make our planet a better place to live in, humanity stands amidst grave danger of perishing and being destroyed due to the severe and increasing problem of pollution.
(c) Honour Killing
Introduction: Cultural crimes are basically the crimes that seek to take place within the context of culture or under the head of it. As, we all know recently; there has been a spate of honour killings which has shocked the country. Honour killing is one of the types of cultural crime present in the country. An honour killing (also called a customary killing) is the murder of a (typically female) family or clan member by one or more fellow (mostly male) family members, in which the perpetrators (and potentially the wider community) believe the victim to have brought dishonour upon the family, clan or community.
Reason for Honour Killing: The main reason for commitment of an ‘honour killing’ is belief that any member of family had brought dishonour to the family. The dishonour can be of different types for different families. The perceived dishonour is normally the result of the following behaviours, or the suspicion of such behaviours, as are dress codes unacceptable to the family/community; or wanting to terminate or prevent an arranged marriage or desiring to marry by own choice; or engaging in certain sexual acts, including those with the opposite or same sex etc.
Laws Regarding Honour Killing: The presence of laws that treat ‘honour killings’ leniently is also a brazen disregard of the International Convention of Civil and Political Rights (1966), protecting individuals against the use of the death penalty except for the most serious crimes. ‘Honour killings’ also violate the Convention on the elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979).
Conclusion: Honour killing is done for saving the honour of the family. But, there is no such honour in killing any person. ‘Religion’ and ‘culture’ cannot and must not be invoked as excuse for the killing of women, because religion and the laws, which derive from it are always subjective interpretations. No ‘culture’ has the right to kill and harm women based on their perceptions of morality or honour. The freedom of belief does not mean freedom to kill. Everyone has right to live life with full dignity and equality. Hence, active laws are the only antidote to such dishonourable practices.
(d) Agriculture in India
Introduction: India is an agricultural country. About seventy per cent of our population depends on agriculture. One-third of our National income comes from agriculture. Our economy is based on agriculture. The development of agriculture has much to do with the economic welfare of our country.
Our Agricultural Condition: Our agriculture remained underdeveloped for a long time. We did not produce enough food for our people. Our country had to buy foodgrains from other countries, but the things are changing now. India is producing more foodgrains than its needs. Some foodgrains are being sent to other countries. Great improvements have been made in agriculture through our five year plans. Green Revolution has been brought about in the agricultural field. Now, our country is self-sufficient in foodgrains. It is now in a position to export surplus foodgrains and some other agricultural products to other countries.
Means of Improvement: Dams are constructed across many of the main rivers and canals are dug out to provide water for the irrigation of the land. Tubewells and pump-sets are provided to the farmers to irrigate the fields, where canal water could not reach. The use of better seeds, fertilisers and new techniques in agriculture, has brought about a revolution called the Green Revolution in agriculture. Our agricultural produce has increased manifolds, but the progress is still not sufficient. Our population is growing at a fast rate. Every year, we have millions of new mouths to be fed. We must check this fast growing population.
Conclusion: We see that every effort is being made to develop our agriculture and boost the production. We should not rest here. We should continue our efforts to develop our agriculture still further.
(e) Narendra Modi: The Icon of India
Introduction: Narendra Modi was born in the small town of Vadnagar, in Northern Gujarat, India. His father was a street merchant, who struggled to support the family. Young Narendra and his brother sold tea near a bus terminal to help out. Though an average student in school, Modi spent hours in the library and was known as a strong debater. In his early teens, he joined Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, the student wing of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist political group.
Political Career: Modi married at 18 but spent little time with his wife and eventually ended the marriage. He dedicated his life to politics in Gujarat, joining the RSS m. 1971. In 1987, Narendra Modi joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which stood for Hindu nationalism. His rise through the ranks was rapid, as he wisely chose mentors to further his career. He promoted privatisation of business, less governance and Hindu values. In 1995, Modi was elected BJP national secretary, a position from which he successfully helped settle internal leadership disputes, paving the way for BJP election victories in 1998. In June 2013, Modi was chosen by BJP to Head 2014 election campaign to the Lok Sabha (the Lower House of India’s Parliament), while a grassroot campaign was already in place to elect him Prime Minister.
Conclusion: No matter, how much we try to bring out the negativities in him, we cannot ignore the charisma he radiates. He is the finest manager of Indian media amongst all leaders. He has excellent organisational capabilities, dynamic personality and can motivate even a corpse to move with his powerful words.
(a) Title: A Professional at Work
(b) From the description given in this passage, we could make out that the person could be a future-teller or an astrologer.
(c) Summary: Every professional has his own ways and his own paraphrenlia. A person, who deals in future telling of others, needs to be dressed in the same way. He should wear a saffron clad and his forehead needs to be gleaming with vermilion so that his potential clients may turn up.
(d) Eyes of the person has been described sparkled because it was gleaming with confidence and he was really able to read one’s fortune.
(e) The person opened his bag to put all his paraphernalia out and started his daily chores of seeing the fortunes of others.
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